Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests – Gyaani Mind

Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests – Gyaani Mind


Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

Cervical Cancer Symptoms: The cervix, which connects the uterus to the vagina, is where cervical cancer typically begins. Several strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, are the main cause of cervical cancer. In most cases, the immune system prevents HPV from causing harm when it is present in the body. The virus, however, can survive for years in a small percentage of people. Certain cervical cancer symptoms cells are now more prone to develop into cancerous cells as a result.

Cervical cancer screening is crucial because it can help identify the condition before it becomes fatal.

Cervical Cancer Screening

In order to address these alterations and prevent cancer, cervical cancer screenings seek for precancerous changes in cervical cells. Occasionally, cervical cancer is found during routine screening. The likelihood of successful therapy increases with early cervical cancer identification. When cervical cancer symptoms appear, the disease may have already progressed, making treatment more challenging.

An HPV test, Pap test, or even both may be used for cervical cancer screening.

Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

Pap Smear:

  • A Pap smear, often known as a Pap test, is a test used to screen for cervical cancer.
  • Cells for a Pap smear are gathered at the cervix, the narrow end of the uterus at the top of the vagina.
  • Early cervical cancer detection using a Pap smear offers a greater cure rate. A Pap test can also find changes in cervical cells that could potentially develop into cancer. Early detection of these abnormal cells is possible with a Pap smear. We have thus made the first move toward preventing cervical cancer.
  • A pelvic exam usually goes along with the Pap smear. For females over the age of 30, the Pap test may now include an HPV test. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that has been linked to cervical cancer. In rare circumstances, an HPV test can be utilized in place of a Pap smear.

HPV Blood Test:

  • To find this virus, a human papillomavirus (HPV) test is utilized.
  • This test looks at the patient’s DNA to find cancer rather than utilizing a smear.
  • The HPV test looks for cervical cancer but cannot diagnose cancer in its own right. Instead, the test looks for HPV, the virus that is responsible for cervical cancer. Some HPV strains, such as 16 and 18, can increase your risk of developing cervical cancer.

LBC Test: 

  • With liquid-based cytology (LBC), cells are dissolved in a liquid and afterward examined to look for cervical cancer.
  • Testing for LBC is also known as ThinPrep.
  • It is now the primary way of screening for cervical cancer after being given FDA approval in 2000.
  • Both high-risk HPV and low-grade cervical changes can be found using the LBC test.
  • This test is more accurate and less intrusive than the conventional Pap smear.
  • False positives are less likely with LBC as well. It can only be utilized for cervical cancer screening, however, and has a limited range of applications.
  • It is unable to detect HPV or small cervical alterations. The LBC sample should therefore be forwarded for HPV testing.
Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

Anything you need to know about cervical screening is provided here.

Both the “HPV test” and the “Pap Smear test” are intended to find cervical cancer early and aid in its prevention.

You must now be asking why these exams are being administered. Know this!

An HPV test is used to check for the human papillomavirus (HPV), which has the ability to change cervical cells. Whereas the Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, looks for precancerous abnormalities in the cervical cells that, if unchecked, could turn into cervical cancer.

Do you have any concerns about the pain of the Pap smear?

Although the Pap Smear test is typically not unpleasant, some uneasy feelings may be experienced before, during, or after the process, which could continue for a few hours. This is because the process for obtaining cervical cells is difficult.

When ought one to undergo screening?

At age 21, you should start getting Pap tests. If the results of your Pap test are normal and you are between the ages of 21 and 29, your doctor could urge you to wait three years before your next Pap test. If you are between the ages of 30 and 65, your doctor might advise only getting an HPV test, getting both an HPV and Pap Smear test, or simply getting a Pap Smear test.

Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

What cervical cancer early signs are there?

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between two menstrual cycles
  • Pain during sexual activity

These three could serve as cervical cancer early detection signs. These symptoms should induce a visit to the gynecologist even if a Pap test is negative in order to rule out the origin of these symptoms.

Cervical Cancer Causes

Cervical cancer is mostly brought on by persistent HPV infection. A large number of HPV viruses can be found all over the world. Almost 100 different forms of HPV exist, and at least 14 of them are cancerous (also known as high-risk types). HPV types 16 and 18 are responsible for at least 70% of cervical malignancies and pre-cancerous lesions.

Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

Signs and Symptoms

The following signs of cervical cancer include:

  • bleeding from the genitalia following sex, throughout menstruation, or following menopause
  • discharge that comes from the vaginal area that is bloody and wet, and may also be heavy and smelly.
  • discomfort while engaging in sexual activity or in the pelvis.

Types of Cervical Cancer

The exact subtype of the disease determines the course of treatment and outlook for cervical cancer. The types most frequently linked to cervical cancer are:

  1. the squamous cell cancer. The squamous cells that line the thin, flat outer cervix and extend into the vagina are where this particular type of cervical cancer grows. The most prevalent kind of cervical cancer is squamous cell carcinoma.
  2. Adenocarcinoma. The cervix’s columnar glandular cells are where this subtype of cervical cancer first develops.

When to Be Screened for Cervical Cancer

Cervical screening guidelines are made by a number of organizations, including the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF). The frequency and type of tests you should have to check for cervical cancer depend on your age and medical history. As not all high-risk HPV varieties are protected by the HPV vaccine, those who have received the vaccine and have a cervix should adhere to the recommendations for cervical cancer screening.

Cervical Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Types, And Tests

Ages 21 to 29 for females

According to the USPSTF, Pap screenings for women in this age group should begin at age 21 and continue for the following three years. There is no need for a Pap test before the age of 21, regardless of sexual activity.

30- to 65-year-old women

The USPSTF recommends utilizing one of the following techniques for screening for cervical cancer in women of this age range.

  • Every five years, an HPV test should be administered.
  • once every five years, perform an HPV and Pap test.
  • every three years, a Pap smear.

Women over 65

If you are in this age range, speak with your doctor to find out whether you still need to be examined. Your doctor could advise you to stop if you’ve been receiving checks regularly and the results have always been normal. But, those over 65 may require screening if their prior test results were unusual or if they haven’t had frequent checkups.


Cervical cancer screening is essential because it enables diagnosis at a stage that is amenable to treatment. Human papillomavirus testing and Pap smears are two examples of cervical cancer screening procedures that can identify alterations in cervix cells at an early, curable stage that could later become fatal.

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